Joint mobilisations are a form of manual therapy. Gentle passive movements work through Maitland’s grading system. This helps restore joint movement, function, and reduce pain. Following an examination and assessment, the restricted joint is mobilised with the aim of increasing its movement. They may sound daunting but the results can be fantastic.
There are 5 grades of motion. Each determines the amount of movement targeted during the treatment.
- Grade 1 – small movements of the spine or joint within the joints resistance.
- Grade 2 – larger movements of the spine or joint still within the joints resistance.
- Grade 3 – large movements of the spine or joint performed into the joints resistance.
- Grade 4 – small movements of the spine or joint performed into the joints resistance. Normally at end of range.
- Grade 5 – a high velocity movement performed into the joints resistance. Also know as joint manipulation.
The grade of mobilisation used depends on the severity and irritability of the joint pain. All joint mobilisations are performed in a pain free manner. Constant re-assessment throughout the treatment ensures the chosen joint mobilisation is having the desired effect.
Benefits of Joint Mobilisations:
There are many known effects of joint mobilisations, including the following:
- Reduced joint stiffness.
- Reduced joint pain.
- Increased range of motion at a joint.
- Realigns joint structures following an injury.
Joint mobilisations can help with lower back injuries, frozen shoulder, neck pain, or ankle stiffness. So, there is a joint mobilisation to help restore movement and reduce pain for a wide range of injuries.